image tracts_x238_4_plate 2
Image number: RS.10142
Credit: © The Royal Society
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‘Musa Cliffortiana’ [Clifford’s banana plant]

Date

1736

After

Martin Hoffman (active 1737, Dutch), Artist

Object type

Library reference

Tracts/X238_4

Material

Technique

Dimensions

height (print): 392mm
width (print): 520mm

Subject

Biology
   > Botany

Content object

nature
   > plant

Description

Botanical studies of the leaves, flowers, stamen and other structures of a banana plant belonging to the banker and Dutch East India Company director George Clifford (1685-1760). Clifford’s estate and gardens were at Hartenkamp in Holland. This banana was grown there in a heated glasshouse and is thought to a hybrid of Musa acuminate and Musa balbisiana and therefore a cultivar plantain. It was among the first, if not the first, plant of this type to fruit in Europe.

Plate 2 from the monograph Musa Cliffortiana florens Hartecampi 1736 prope Harlemum, by Carl Linnaeus (Leiden, 1736). Inscribed above “MUSA CLIFFORTIANA” and upper right “pag. ultima”.

Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) Swedish botanist and physician was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1753.

Associated place

<The World>
   > Europe
      > Netherlands