image gosse, p h_the aquarium_1854_plate 4
Image number: RS.10763
Credit: © The Royal Society

‘The Parasitic Anemone’

Date

1854

Creator

Nicholas Hanhart (active 1846-1855, British), Printmaker

After

Philip Henry Gosse (1810-1888, British), Illustrator

Object type

Material

Technique

Dimensions

height (print): 136mm
width (print): 85mm

Subject

Content object

nature
   > animal

Description

Underwater scene showing the parasitic anemone (described by the author as Actinia parasitica accepted taxonomy now Calliactis parasitica) on a whelk shell. The brittlestar Ophiothrix fragilis is shown in the foreground.

The author commented in the text that he had collected specimens in Weymouth Bay, Dorset: ‘This fine and very distinct species is exceedingly abundant in Weymouth Bay...it is found embracing some univalve shell, which is tenanted by a Soldier Crab...but adults...almost invariably on the great Whelk...’

Plate 4 from the book The aquarium: an unveiling of the wonders of the deep sea, by Phillip Henry Gosse (Van Voorst, London, 1854). Inscribed: ‘Pl.IV. P.H.Gosse, delt. Hanhart, Chromo lith. THE PARASITIC ANEMONE &c.’

Philip Henry Gosse (1810-1888) was a populariser of marine biology and an aquarium inventor elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1856.

Associated place

<The World>
   > Europe
      > United Kingdom