image ms_875_2_1_1
Image number: RS.11067
Credit: © The Royal Society

Shell of Littorina saxatilis

Date

1950s

Creator

Alastair Graham (1906-2000, British), Zoologist
Vera Fretter (1905-1992, British), Zoologist

Object type

Archive reference number

Material

Dimensions

height (drawing): 142mm
width (drawing): 105mm

Subject

Content object

nature
   > animal

Description

Zoological study of the shell of the rough periwinkle, Littorina saxatilis, native to the North Atlantic Ocean and European coasts. The marine gastropod is presented with a 2mm. scale.

Detail A from figure 26 of the book British prosobranch molluscs: their functional anatomy and ecology by Vera Fretter and Alastair Graham (London, Ray Society, 1962).

Both Graham and Fretter contributed high-quality illustrations to British prosobranch molluscs and artist attribution can be difficult. Graham’s Royal Society Biographical Memoir states that: “Dr Fretter drew the ‘whole animals’, and Graham most of the dissections and histological preparations. She concentrated on the reproductive system, larvae and shore ecology, and he on other aspects.”

Not signed. One of four figures pasted on a single sheet to make up a plate and annotated in ink: ‘Fig 26 To illustrate shell shape. Set across page x6/10’.

Alastair Graham was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1979.

Associated place

<The World>
   > Europe
      > United Kingdom