image ap_36_14_3
Image number: RS.12838
Credit: ©The Royal Society

Grape vines

Date

1854

Creator

Joseph James Forrester (1809-1861, British), Topographer

Object type

Archive reference number

Material

Dimensions

height (painting): 380mm
width (painting): 248mm

Subject

Biology
   > Botany

Content object

nature
   > plant

Description

Botanical studies of grape vines Vitis vinifera. Eight figures, including sections through roots, trunk growth, mode of grafting, one year’s wood and leaf. From the Douro wine region of Portugal.

Original illustration from the manuscript version of the paper ‘On the vine-disease in the port-wine districts of the Alto-Douro in April 1854. With a supplementary note on the proposed remedies for its eradication’, by J.J. Forrester. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, vol.7 (1854), pp.156-164.

The grape variety ‘Castellae’ is given in the plate’s heading and the date appears lower left, ‘Alto-Douro 8th April 1854’. The accompanying text states that ‘The plate Castellae shows that the spots in the wood, or the obstruction in the ducts, do not necessarily proceed from the roots – but have been caused by bad pruning’. The subject of the paper, the impact of the grape disease commonly called phylloxera, was devastating for European wine production in the nineteenth century.

Joseph James Forrester (1809-1861) British wine merchant and topographer was a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, best known for his survey of the Duoro wine-growing region of Portugal.

Associated place

<The World>
   > Europe
      > Portugal