Windmill sails

    Date
    ca.1772
    Creator
    Andrew Miekles (1719 - 1811, British) , Mechanical engineer
    Object type
    Archive reference number
    Material
    Dimensions
    height (paper support): 503mm
    width (paper support): 367mm
    Subject
    Description
    Plan of the shutter sail, scale 1:24. It is not clear if this is the original drawing submitted by Andrew Miekles as indicated in the copy letter JS/1/14 (RS.13155), or a later reproduction by Smeaton.

    Original drawing from Designs by the late John Smeaton made on various occasions in the course of his employment as a Civil Engineer from the year 175[?] to 179[?], Volume 1. Containing Designs for Wind Mills and Water Mills for Grinding Corn. Collected and arranged by John Farey, 1821.

    John Smeaton (1724-1792) was a British civil engineer, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1753.

    Andrew Miekles (1719-1811) British mechanical engineer, credited with inventing the threshing machine.

    John Farey (1766-1826) was a British geologist and surveyor, he worked on the published reports of John Smeaton’s work between 1809 and 1812.
    Object history
    Smeaton’s Designs were received by bequest of Mr Edward Farey in November 1913 as indicated in the copies of outgoing correspondence bound in the New Letter Books of the Royal Society, NLB/49/185 and NLB/49/312.

    The collection was originally purchased after Smeaton’s death in 1795 by Sir Joseph Banks, President of the Royal Society and member of the Committee of the Smeaton Society of Civil Engineers. The committee undertook to publish a comprehensive selection of reports on the drawings which was entrusted to John Farey sr (1766-1826) and assisted by his better-known son John Farey jr (1791-1851) mechanical engineer and Fellow of the Royal Society. The work began in 1809 and resulted in three published volumes, Reports of the late John Smeaton FRS, made on various occasions of his employment as a civil engineer, London, 1812.
    Associated place
    <The World>
       > Europe
          > United Kingdom
    Credit
    ©The Royal Society
    Image number
    RS.13156
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