image js_1_106_001
Image number: RS.13251
Credit: ©The Royal Society

Watermill, Carshalton, Surrey

Date

1780

Creator

John Smeaton (1724-1792, British), Civil engineer

Object type

Image reference

Material

Dimensions

height (drawing): 452mm
width (drawing): 327mm

Subject

Description

Vertical section of the water wheel and shuttle for the mill at Carshalton, Surrey, at a scale of 1:12.

Signed and dated lower right and inscribed ‘Design for the WATER WHEEL for Carshalton Mill.’ Further inscription in red ink ‘ NB this Fall on the execution has its crown laid 16 inches below the Tumbling Bay that is 3 inches lower than here represented. See p98.’

Original drawing from Designs by the late John Smeaton made on various occasions in the course of his employment as a Civil Engineer from the year 175[?] to 179[?], Volume 1. Containing Designs for Wind Mills and Water Mills for Grinding Corn. Collected and arranged by John Farey, 1821.

John Smeaton (1724-1792) was a British civil engineer, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1753.

John Farey (1766-1826) was a British geologist and surveyor, he worked on the published reports of John Smeaton’s work between 1809 and 1812.

Object history

Smeaton’s Designs were received by bequest of Mr Edward Farey in November 1913 as indicated in the copies of outgoing correspondence bound in the New Letter Books of the Royal Society, NLB/49/185 and NLB/49/312.

The collection was originally purchased after Smeaton’s death in 1795 by Sir Joseph Banks, President of the Royal Society and member of the Committee of the Smeaton Society of Civil Engineers. The committee undertook to publish a comprehensive selection of reports on the drawings which was entrusted to John Farey sr (1766-1826) and assisted by his better-known son John Farey jr (1791-1851) mechanical engineer and Fellow of the Royal Society. The work began in 1809 and resulted in three published volumes, Reports of the late John Smeaton FRS, made on various occasions of his employment as a civil engineer, London, 1812.

Associated place

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