image kiessling j_untersuchungen_1888_plate 2
Image number: RS.13539
Credit: ©The Royal Society 2018

Bishop’s ring, noon

Date

1888

Creator - Organisation

After

Eduard Moritz Pechuël-Loesche (1840-1913, German), Naturalist

Object type

Library reference

RCN46652

Material

Technique

Dimensions

height (print): 136mm
width (print): 190mm
height (card support): 192mm
width (card support): 275mm

Subject

Content object

nature
   > landscape

Description

Study of a lighting effect caused by atmospheric dust and gases ejected by the 1883 volcanic eruption on the island of Krakatoa (Krakatau, Indonesia). The Bishop’s Ring effect, of a diffuse halo around the solar disc, was named after its first observer, Sereno Edwards Bishop (1827-1909).

Plate 2 from the book Untersuchungen uber Dämmerungserscheinungen zur Erklarung der nach dem Krakatau-ausbruch beobachteten atmospharisch-optischen Storung, by J. Kiessling (Hamburg, Leopold Voss, 1888).

The plate is inscribed above: ‘Kiessling, Dämmerung-Untersuchungen. Taf. II.’ Inscribed below: ‘DER BISHOP’SCHE RING. (MITTAG.) [The Bishop’s Ring, Noon]. Pechuel-Loesche. Nach einer Vorlage von Busch. Chromolithographie von Leo Kempner & Co. in Hamburg. Verlag von Leopold Voss in Hamburg (und Leipzig).’

Karl Johann Kiessling (1839-1905) German physicist, replicated twilight glow phenomena in the laboratory.

Eduard Moritz Pechuël-Loesche (1840-1913) German naturalist and watercolour painter who travelled widely, including on expeditions to the Congo, Africa.