image mendes da costa, e_elements of conchology_1776_pl6 copy
Image number: RS.14134
Credit: ©The Royal Society

Shell and fossil specimens




Peter Brown (1758-1799, British), Illustrator

Object type

Library reference




height (print): 199mm
width (print): 270mm


Content object

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Conchological study of ten shell and fossil types. Includes, in some cases, depictions of their external and internal surfaces.

Figure one – The mantle of a Scallop (Pectinidae)
Figure two – The hinge of a Fossilised Oyster (Gryphaeidae)
Figure three – A Terebratula Fossil
Figure four – A Spiny Oyster (Spondylus gaederopus), listed as a ‘Thorny Oyster’
Figure five – A ‘Studded Coneus’ Fossil
Figure six – A Pectinoid Mollusc (Pectinoidea unverified), listed as Pectinoides
Figure seven – An Anomia Bivalve (Anomiidae), taken from Pedro Francisco Davila’s Catalogue systématique et raisonné des curiosités de la nature et de l'art (1767)
Figures eight, nine and twelve – A Cockle (Cardiidae)
Figure ten – A Multarticulare Anomia Bivalve (Anomiidae)
Figure eleven – The Tulip Shell (Fasciolaria tulipa)

Plate six from Emanuel Mendes da Costa’s book, Elements of conchology: or, an introduction to the knowledge of shells, 1776. Inscribed above: ‘PL. VI’

Emanuel Mendes da Costa (1717-1791) naturalist was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1747.

Peter Brown (active 1758-1799) British naturalist and natural history illustrator illustrated Mendes da Costa's Elements of conchology.

Object history

Volume donated to the Royal Society by Ronald Winckworth, British natural historian, 1942.

Related Fellows

Emanuel Mendes da Costa (1717-1791), Naturalist