image humboldt a_de distributione_1827_plate 1
Image number: RS.14157
Credit: ©The Royal Society

Altitudinal zonation

Date

1815

Creator

Jean Louis Coutant (1776-1831, French), Engraver

After

Pierre Antoine Marchais (b.1763, French), Painter

Object type

Library reference

45363

Material

Technique

Dimensions

height (print): 209mm
width (print): 265mm

Subject

Content object

nature
   > mountain

Description

Diagrams of five mountains, showing plant ecosystems on their slopes, mapped against height. Figure 1 shows the equatorial stratovolcanoes Chimborazo in Ecuador and Popocatépetl in Mexico. Figure 2 shows the temperate region peaks of Mont Blanc on the alpine border of France and Italy and Monte Perdito (Mont Perdu) in Spain’s Pyrenees. Figure 3 shows the Arctic region mountain Sulitjelma on the Norway-Sweden border.

Plate within the book De distributione geographica plantarum…by Alexander von Humboldt (Paris, 1817). Inscribed below with the tite: ‘Geographiae plantarum lineamenta…’ Also inscribed: ‘Al. Humboldt del. Marchais perf. 1815. Coutant sculps. L. Aubert scrip.’

Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt (1769-11859) German scientist and geographer, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1815.

Associated place

<The World>
   > North America
      > Mexico
<The World>
   > Europe
      > France
<The World>
   > Europe
      > Italy
<The World>
   > Europe
      > Spain