image CLP_9i_36_003
Image number: RS.15539
Credit: ©The Royal Society

Pen Park Hole




Unknown, Artist

Object type

Archive reference number

Manuscript page number




height (page): 376mm
width (page): 233mm


Content object


A map of the caverns of Pen Park Hole near Bristol. A description of it by Sir Robert Southwell (whose estate was nearby) was read to the Royal Society on 1 November 1682, and printed with this map in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 13, no. 143 (January 1683).


'There is a place in Glocestershire called Pen Parke, about three miles from Bristoll, and about three from the Severn:; where some minors for Lead Discovering a large hole in the Earth: one capt Sturmy a warme inquisitive Sea man (he has writt alarge folio of Navigation) would needs descend into it and his Narrative was: as: followeth...'
Transcribed by the Making Visible project

Object history

At the meeting of the Royal Society on 1 November 1682, 'A paper sent by Sir Robert Southwell to Mr. Henshaw was read, containing a more full and exact description of the subterraneous cavern near Kingroad by Bristol, formerly described by Captain Sturmy' (Birch 4:163).

Printed in Robert Southwell, ‘A description of Pen-Park-Hole in Gloucestershire’, Phil. Trans., vol. 13, no. 143 (January 1683), pp. 2-6, legend at p. 6.

Related Fellows

Robert Southwell (1635-1702, British), Diplomat
Thomas Henshaw (1618-1700, British), Author

Associated place

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