image hamilton,w_campi_phlegraei_1776_0124
Image number: RS.17596
Credit: ©The Royal Society

Campi Phlegraei

Date

1776

Creator

Pietro Fabris (b.1738, Italian), Painter

Object type

Library reference

42888

Material

Technique

Dimensions

height (plate): 210mm
width (plate): 385mm
height (page): 320mm
width (page): 452mm

Subject

Content object

nature
   > landscape

Description

View from the hermitage on top of Monte S. Nicola. It incorporates all of the volcanic region around Naples, or, as the author writes, what 'the Ancients comprehended under the name of CAMPI PHLEGRAEI'.

On the right [as viewed] are the mountains of Somma and Vesuvius, in the centre is the Castle of S. Elmo, just left of the castle is the Mountain of S. Angelo, and in the bottom left are Guaro and Nuovo. The Averne Lake is just visible beyond these.

Plate 31 from Campi Phlegraei: observations on the volcanos of the two Sicilies by William Hamilton. The plate is inscribed ‘XXXI’ in the top left corner.

William Hamilton (1730-1803) British diplomat, archaeologist and volcanologist was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1766 on the merit of his volcanic observations. He received the Copley Medal in 1770 for his 'Account of a Journey to Mount Etna'.

Pietro Fabris (1740-1792) was a British artist who accompanied Hamilton around Mount Etna, Mount Vesuvius, and Lipari islands to document volcanic activities.

Object history

This book of hand-coloured plates represents part II of Campi Phlegraei. It complements part I, which consists of letters only. Both were presented to the then President of the Royal Society, Sir John Pringle (1707-1782).

Associated place

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