image hamilton,w_campi_phlegraei_1776_0132
Image number: RS.17598
Credit: ©The Royal Society

Atrio di Cavallo

Date

1776

Creator

Pietro Fabris (b.1738, Italian), Painter

Object type

Library reference

42888

Material

Technique

Dimensions

height (plate): 210mm
width (plate): 385mm
height (page): 320mm
width (page): 452mm

Subject

Content object

nature
   > volcano

Description

View into the valley of Atrio di Cavallo that lies between Mount Somma and Mount Vesuvius. Somma is just visible on the left [as viewed] and Vesuvius is depicted with plumes of smoke rising from its cone. Seven figures are visible in the foreground, one of whom is chaperoned on a litter.

Plate 33 from Campi Phlegraei: observations on the volcanos of the two Sicilies by William Hamilton. The plate is inscribed ‘XXXIII’ in the top left corner.

Written in the associated description: 'Valley through which the lava of the last three eruptions has taken its course: the rugged parts are the Scoriae of the lava, which have the appearance of a gigantick plowghed field.'

William Hamilton (1730-1803) British diplomat, archaeologist and volcanologist was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1766 on the merit of his volcanic observations. He received the Copley Medal in 1770 for his 'Account of a Journey to Mount Etna'.

Pietro Fabris (1740-1792) was a British artist who accompanied Hamilton around Mount Etna, Mount Vesuvius, and Lipari islands to document volcanic activities.

Object history

This book of hand-coloured plates represents part II of Campi Phlegraei. It complements part I, which consists of letters only. Both were presented to the then President of the Royal Society, Sir John Pringle (1707-1782).

Associated place

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      > Italy