image hooke_r_micrographia_061_copy
Image number: RS.18178
Credit: ©The Royal Society

Prince Rupert’s drops

Date

1665

Creator

Unknown, Engraver

After

Robert Hooke (1635-1703, British), Natural Philosopher

Object type

Library reference

RCN 45230

Material

Technique

Subject

Physics
   > Optics
      > Microscopy

Description

Microscopic study of toughened glass beads, or Prince Rupert’s drops. The beads were the result of dropping molten glass into cold water. In the top right [as viewed] are the thin glass pipes that were melted and in the bottom left are the glass beads themselves; tadpole-shaped droplets with a long thin tail.

The Prince Rupert drop was named after Prince Rupert of Rhine (1619-1682) who brought them to England in 1660. The Royal Society studied them as a scientific curiosity. Their description here highlights certain of their key properties, including: ‘That the parts of the Glass, whils in a fluid Consistence and hot, are more rarified or take up more room, then when hard and cold’ and a simultaneously ‘hard, brittle and springy texture’.

Inscribed above: ‘Schem IIII’

Plate 4 from Robert Hooke’s Micrographia: or some physiological descriptions of minute bodies made by magnifying glasses with observations and inquiries thereupon (1665), the first fully-illustrated book on the topic of microscopy. In the preface Hooke asserts that he had discovered ‘a new visible World’.

Robert Hooke (1635-1703) British natural philosopher was a founding member of the Royal Society, elected in 1663. Before his career with the Royal Society, Hooke had been apprenticed to painter Peter Lely (1618-1680), where he learned to draw and paint. Though he did not engrave the images in Micrographia himself they were engraved after his illustrations.

Associated place

<The World>
   > Europe
      > United Kingdom