Magnetograph

    Date
    1862
    Creator
    Ferdinand Engel (German) , Instrument maker
    Object type
    Archive reference number
    Material
    Subject
    Content object
    Description
    Plaster model of a three-dimensional surface, or magnetograph, with months of the year listed down the length and hours of the day along the width. Intended to represent the seasonal changes of Philadelphia's magnetic fields, specifically, the inequality of the horizontal force throughout the year.

    Printed inscription on model side: 'Model of the magnetic surface presented in the discussion Part II of the magnetic observations made at the Girard College Philadelphia between 1840 and 1845, by Prof. A.D. Bache. Const. and modeled by Ferdinand Engel, Washington, D.C. 1862.'

    Alexander Dallas Bache (1806-1867) American physicist and surveryor was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society in 1860. In 1838 Bache was appointed President of Girard College and subsequently made Philadelphia the focus of much of his magnetic data collection and research.
    Object history
    Exact provenance unknown, however, evidence that the Royal Society was in contact with Alexander Dallas Bache on his terrestrial magnetism research is present in the Society's volumes of correspondence on the same [MS/119/1/99].

    Likely a copy of the model made for the Smithsonian Institution, which published Bache's written account of his magnetic observations in 1859. [Alexander Dallas Bache, "Discussion of Magnetic and Meteorological Observations Made at the Girard College Observatory, Philadelphia, from 1840 to 1845," Smithsonian Institution Contributions to Knowledge].
    Related fellows
    Alexander Dallas Bache (1806 - 1867, American) , Physicist
    Associated place
    <The World>
       > North America
          > United States
    Credit
    ┬ęThe Royal Society
    Image number
    RS.18187
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