Credit: ©The Royal Society
    Image number: RS.18211

    Portrait of Francis Baily

    Date
    ca.1838
    Sitter
    Francis Baily (1774 - 1844, British) , Astronomer, Astronomer
    Creator
    Thomas Goff Lupton (1791, British) , Engraver
    After
    Thomas Phillips (1770 - 1845, British) , Painter
    Object type
    Image reference
    Material
    Technique
    Dimensions
    height (print): 440mm
    width (print): 350mm
    Subject
    Content object
    clothing
       > accessory
          > glasses
    book
    furniture
       > table
    Description
    Three quarter length portrait of Francis Baily looking directly at the viewer, wearing a white shirt, a black cravat, waistcoat and dinner jacket. He rests a pair of glasses upon a table covered in books, among which is a copy of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. The paper beneath his hand reads ‘Pendulum experiments’, possibly in reference to his completion of Henry Forster’s FRS (1797-1831) pendulum experiments, deducing from them an ellipticity for the Earth of 1/289.48.

    Signed in the bottom right corner by Baily: ‘Francis Baily
    President of the Roy: Ast: Soc’
    Inscribed below: ‘PAINTED BY THOMAS PHILLIPS R.A. From the Picture painted for the Royal Astronomical Society. ENGRAVED BY THOMAS LUPTON of Keppel Street, Russell Square
    FRANCIS BAILY ESQ.R D.C.L. OC & DUB. […]’

    Francis Baily (1774-1844) British stockbroker and astronomer was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1821. By this point Baily had already, in 1820, co-founded the Royal Astronomical Society and applied his tabular and calculating skills in revising a number of important star catalogues.
    Object history
    Original Phillips portrait commissioned by the Royal Astronomical Society in 1838.
    Associated place
    <The World>
       > Europe
          > United Kingdom
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