Sand crab

    Date
    1731
    Creator
    Mark Catesby (1683 - 1749, British) , Naturalist
    Object type
    Library reference
    18894
    Material
    Technique
    Subject
    Content object
    nature
       > animal
          > crab
    Description
    Zoological study of a sand crab, Emerita, referred to here as Cancer arenarius, shown alongside an unknown species of soft coral, refered to as Lithophyton pinnatum.

    Signed and inscribed: 'Cancer arenarius Lithophyton &c'

    Written in the associated description: 'Their Abode is on the sandy Shoars of Ilathera, and many other Bahama Islands. They run very fast, and retreat from Danger into little deep Holes they make in the sand.'

    Plate 35 from volume II of Mark Catesby’s The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands (London, 1731).

    Mark Catesby (1683-1749), British naturalist was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1733. Travelling under the auspices of the Royal Society, Catesby recorded the earliest western scientific descriptions of the flora and fauna of the ‘New World’. He was the first naturalist to use folio-sized colour plates in a natural history book, and etched the copper plates himself before hand-colouring each individual print with watercolours.
    Associated place
    <The World>
       > North America
          > United States
    <The World>
       > North America
          > Bahamas
    Credit
    ©The Royal Society
    Image number
    RS.18781
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