image catesbyrs vol294
Image number: RS.18838
Credit: ©The Royal Society

Pigeonplum and hickory horned devils

Date

1731

Creator

Mark Catesby (1683-1749, British), Naturalist

Object type

Library reference

18894

Material

Technique

Subject

Content object

nature
   > plant
      > fruit
nature
   > animal
      > insect

Description

Study of a pigeonplum specimen, Coccoloba diversifolia, referred to here as Cerasus latiore folio, and a hickory horned devil caterpillar, Citheronia regalis, referred to here as Eruca maxima cornuta.

Written in the associated description: 'This is a large Tree with a smooth light coloured Bark, the Leaves are about the Size of those of a Pear, but more rounding at the Points. The Fruit is round, and grows in Bunches, like Currans, but larger, and of a purple Colour'.

Plate 94 from volume II of Mark Catesby’s The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands (London, 1731).

Mark Catesby (1683-1749), British naturalist was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1733. Travelling under the auspices of the Royal Society, Catesby recorded the earliest western scientific descriptions of the flora and fauna of the ‘New World’. He was the first naturalist to use folio-sized colour plates in a natural history book, and etched the copper plates himself before hand-colouring each individual print with watercolours.

Associated place

<The World>
   > North America
      > United States
         > Florida
<The World>
   > North America
      > United States
         > Carolinas
<The World>
   > North America
      > Bahamas