Microscopic studies, human calculus

    Date
    1705
    Creator
    Unknown, Engraver
    Creator - Organisation
    The Royal Society, Publisher
    Object type
    Article identifier
    Material
    Technique
    Subject
    Physics
       > Optics
          > Microscopy
    Biology
       > Zoology
    Biology
       > Natural history
    Biology
       > Anatomy
    Description
    Ten figures from issue 295 of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

    Figures I-V. Microscopic studies of various rotifers, or micro-organisms attached to duckweed, showing them in full (I, III) and detail views of their ‘wheels’, from below (II, IV). Illustrations to ‘A letter to the Royal Society, from Mr. Anthony Van Leeuwenhoek, F. R. S. concerning animalcula on the roots of duck-weed, &c’ in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 24, issue 295 (January 1705). Original letter from Leeuwenhoek containing these illustrations can be found in Early Letters of the Royal Society EL/L3/69.

    Figures VI-VII. Studies of skin stained with silver nitrate, showing large silver globules as they appeared through a microscope. Illustrations to ‘Observations on staining the fingers with a solution of silver, in aqua fortis, &c. In a letter from Mr. Anthony Van Leuwenhoek, F. R. S’ in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 24, issue 295 (January 1705).

    Figure VIII-IX. Zoological study of a worm found in the head of a sheep, shown from above (VIII) and below (IX). Illustration to ‘A letter from Mr John Thorpe, M. A, of University College in Oxford, to Dr Hans Sloane, S. R. S. concerning worms in the heads of sheep, &c’ in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 24, issue 295 (January 1705). Original proof of this illustration can be found in MS/131/89-A.

    Figure X. Two human calculus voided through the urinary tract, as described in ‘An account of very large stones voided per urethram. In a letter from Mr Edw. Lhwyd, keeper of the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, to Dr Hans Sloane, S. R. S’ in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 24, issue 295 (January 1705). Original proof of this illustration can be found in MS/131/155-D.

    Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) Dutch microscopist, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1680; John Thorpe (1682-1750), British physician, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1705, and; Edward Lhuyd (1660-1709), naturalist and philologist, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1708.
    Related fellows
    Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632 - 1723, Dutch) , Microscopist
    John Thorpe (1682 - 1750) , Physician
    Edward Lhuyd (1660 - 1709, British) , Naturalist and Antiquary, Naturalist
    Associated place
    <The World>
       > Europe
          > Netherlands
    <The World>
       > Europe
          > United Kingdom
    Credit
    ©The Royal Society
    Image number
    RS.18912
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