image 10-1098-rstl-1704-0116_0001
Image number: RS.18916
Credit: ©The Royal Society

Microscopic studies of bark

Date

1705

Creator

Unknown, Engraver

Creator - Organisation

The Royal Society, Publisher

Object type

Article identifier

Material

Technique

Subject

Physics
   > Optics
      > Microscopy
Biology
   > Entomology
Biology
   > Natural history

Description

Two tables from issue 296 of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

Table 1, Figures 1-2. Microscopic studies of the surface of the bark of a cherry tree Prunus branch (1), and the inner bark, or phloem (2), showing its vessels and cells.
Figures 3-4. Microscopic studies of the inner bark of a beechwood Fagus branch (3, 4).
Figures 5-9. Microscopic studies of the surface of the bark of an unidentified Cinnamomum tree (5), and the inner bark (6, 7, 8, 9).
Figures 10-12. Microscopic studies of the inner bark of a lime tree Tilia (10, 11, 12).
Figures 13-15. Microscopic studies of a cork specimen.

Illustrations to ‘A letter from Mr Anthony Van Leeuwenhoek, F. R. S. concerning the barks of trees’ in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 24, issue 296 (February 1705). Original letter from Leeuwenhoek containing these illustrations can be found in Early Letters of the Royal Society EL/L3/77.

Table 2, Figure 1. Microscopic study of the surface of the bark of an ash tree Fraxinus.
Figure 2. Microscopic study of the surface of the bark of an elm tree Ulmus.
Figure 3, 5. Study of a maggot (of the zigzag sawfly?), as seen from below (3) and above (5), found on the surface of an elm tree, as seen by the naked eye.
Figure 4, 6. Study of an unspecified fly (zigzag sawfly?), as seen from below (4) and above (6), found on the surface of an elm tree, as seen by the naked eye.
Figures 7, 9. Microscopic study of a maggot.
Figures 8. Microscopic study of a house fly.

Illustrations to ‘An account of insects in the barks of decaying elms and ashes’ by Matthew Dudley in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 24, issue 296 (February 1705).

Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) Dutch microscopist, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1680, and; Matthew Dudley (d.1721), MP for Northampton, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1703.
Digital photograph of a plate from issue 296 of Philosophical Transactions.

Related Fellows

Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723, Dutch), Microscopist
Matthew Dudley (d.1721, British English), Politician

Associated place

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      > Netherlands
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      > United Kingdom