Elephant skin, lunar eclipse, hyperbola graphs

    Date
    1712
    Creator
    Unknown, Engraver
    Creator - Organisation
    The Royal Society, Publisher
    Object type
    Article identifier
    Material
    Technique
    Subject
    Description
    Seven figures from issue 336 of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

    Figure 1. Microscopic study of various particles scraped from a specimen of elephant skin.
    Figure 2-3. Microscopic studies of individual particles of elephant skin.

    Illustrations to ‘I. Some remarks upon the disposition of the parts, and microscopical observations upon the contexture of the skin of elephants. In a letter from Mr. Anthony van Leeuwenhoek, F. R. S’ in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 27, issue 336 (December 1712). Original letter from Leeuwenhoek containing these illustrations can be found in Early Letters of the Royal Society, EL/L4/44.

    Figure 4. Geometric diagram illustrating a penumbral eclipse, as observed by William Derham in January 1712. Illustration to ‘II. Observations of the eclipse of the Moon, on Jan. 12. 1711 – 12’ by William Derham in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 27, issue 336 (December 1712).

    Figure 5. Hyperbola graph illustrating ‘IX. Part of a letter from Mr. Brook Taylor, F. R. S. to Dr. Hans Sloane R. S. Secr. concerning the ascent of water between two glass planes’ by Brook Taylor in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 27, issue 336 (December 1712).

    Figures 6-7. Hyperbolas illustrating ‘X. An account of an experiment touching the ascent of water between two glass planes, in an hyperbolick figure’ by Francis Hauksbee in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 27, issue 336 (December 1712).

    Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) Dutch microscopist, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1680; William Derham (1657-1735), British Church of England clergyman and natural philosopher, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1703; Brook Taylor (1685-1731), British mathematician, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1712, and; Francis Hauksbee (bap. 1660, d. 1713), British natural philosopher and scientific instrument maker, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1705.
    Related fellows
    Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632 - 1723, Dutch) , Microscopist
    William Derham (1657 - 1735, British) , Clergyman
    Brook Taylor (1685 - 1731, British) , Mathematician
    Francis Hauksbee (1688 - 1763, British) , Natural philosopher
    Associated place
    <The World>
       > Europe
          > Netherlands
    <The World>
       > Europe
          > United Kingdom
    Credit
    ©The Royal Society
    Image number
    RS.18940
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