Microscopic studies of seeds, fish scales and salt particles

    Date
    1693
    Creator
    Unknown, Engraver
    Creator - Organisation
    The Royal Society, Publisher
    Object type
    Article identifier
    Material
    Technique
    Dimensions
    width (paper): ?mm
    height (paper): ?mm
    Subject
    Biology
       > Botany
          > Plant physiology
    Physics
       > Optics
          > Microscopy
    Mathematics
    Content object
    nature
       > plant
    nature
       > animal
          > fish
    nature
       > mineral
    Description
    18 figures to issue 205 of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

    Fig. 1-4 Microscopic studies of the cotton seed.
    Fig. 5-8 Microscopic studies of the date palm seed.
    Fig. 9-10 and Fig. B Microscopic studies of embryonic clove plant, showing the emerging leaves and a cross section of the stem.
    Fig. 11 Microscopic study of embryonic gooseberry plant, showing the part of the seed that will become the root and the stem, vessels and leaves.
    Fig. 12 Microscopic study of the embryonic black current plant, showing the part of the seed that will become the root and stem.
    Fig. 13 Microscopic study of the scales of Bream.
    Fig. 14 Microscopic study of part of the scale of Perch.
    Fig. 15 Microscopic study of salt particles in beer vinegar.
    Fig. 16 Microscopic study of salt particles in sal volatile oleosum.
    Fig. 17 Microscopic study of straw like substance found in a phial of sal volatile oleosum and wine vinegar, showing bubbles forming in the liquid.

    Illustrations to An extract of a letter from Mr. Anthony Van Leeuwenhoek, to the R.S. containing his observations on the seeds of cotton, palm, or date-stones, cloves, nutmegs, gooseberries, currans, tulips, cassia, lime-tree: on the skin of the hand, and pores, of sweat, the crystalline humour, optic nerves, gall, and scales of fish; and the figures of several sale particles, &c. published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 17, issue 205 (Nov 1693), pp.949-960. The original letter (without the original drawings) can be found in the Early Letters of the Royal Society EL/L1/77. An engraving is pasted into the Letter Book of the Royal Society LBO/11A/18.

    Fig. 18 Mathematical diagram to find the focus of any sort of lens. Illustration to An instance of the excellence of the modern algebra, in the resolution of the problem of finding the foci of optick glasses universally by E. Halley, S.R.S. published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 17, issue 205 (Nov 1693), pp.960-969.
    Related fellows
    Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632 - 1723, Dutch) , Natural philosopher
    Edmond Halley (1656 - 1742, British) , Astronomer
    Associated place
    <The World>
       > Europe
          > Netherlands
    <The World>
       > Europe
          > United Kingdom
    Credit
    ┬ęThe Royal Society
    Image number
    RS.19033
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