image 10.1098-rstl.1693.0092_0001
Image number: RS.19033
Credit: ©The Royal Society

Microscopic studies of seeds, fish scales and salt particles

Date

1693

Creator

Unknown, Engraver

Creator - Organisation

The Royal Society, Publisher

Object type

Article identifier

Material

Technique

Dimensions

width (paper): ?mm
height (paper): ?mm

Subject

Biology
   > Botany
      > Plant physiology
Physics
   > Optics
      > Microscopy
Mathematics

Content object

nature
   > plant
nature
   > animal
      > fish
nature
   > mineral

Description

18 figures to issue 205 of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

Fig. 1-4 Microscopic studies of the cotton seed.
Fig. 5-8 Microscopic studies of the date palm seed.
Fig. 9-10 and Fig. B Microscopic studies of embryonic clove plant, showing the emerging leaves and a cross section of the stem.
Fig. 11 Microscopic study of embryonic gooseberry plant, showing the part of the seed that will become the root and the stem, vessels and leaves.
Fig. 12 Microscopic study of the embryonic black current plant, showing the part of the seed that will become the root and stem.
Fig. 13 Microscopic study of the scales of Bream.
Fig. 14 Microscopic study of part of the scale of Perch.
Fig. 15 Microscopic study of salt particles in beer vinegar.
Fig. 16 Microscopic study of salt particles in sal volatile oleosum.
Fig. 17 Microscopic study of straw like substance found in a phial of sal volatile oleosum and wine vinegar, showing bubbles forming in the liquid.

Illustrations to An extract of a letter from Mr. Anthony Van Leeuwenhoek, to the R.S. containing his observations on the seeds of cotton, palm, or date-stones, cloves, nutmegs, gooseberries, currans, tulips, cassia, lime-tree: on the skin of the hand, and pores, of sweat, the crystalline humour, optic nerves, gall, and scales of fish; and the figures of several sale particles, &c. published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 17, issue 205 (Nov 1693), pp.949-960. The original letter (without the original drawings) can be found in the Early Letters of the Royal Society EL/L1/77. An engraving is pasted into the Letter Book of the Royal Society LBO/11A/18.

Fig. 18 Mathematical diagram to find the focus of any sort of lens. Illustration to An instance of the excellence of the modern algebra, in the resolution of the problem of finding the foci of optick glasses universally by E. Halley, S.R.S. published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol. 17, issue 205 (Nov 1693), pp.960-969.

Related Fellows

Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723, Dutch), Natural philosopher
Edmond Halley (1656-1742, British), Astronomer

Associated place

<The World>
   > Europe
      > Netherlands
<The World>
   > Europe
      > United Kingdom