Inscriptions, reflecting microscope and tar distillery

    Date
    1697
    Creator
    Unknown, Engraver
    Creator - Organisation
    The Royal Society, Publisher
    Object type
    Article identifier
    Material
    Technique
    Subject
    Content object
    Description
    Four figures from issue 228 of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

    Fig. 1-2 Palmyren and Etruscan inscriptions.

    Illustration to Part of a letter from Mr. Octavian Pulleyn, dated, Rome March 16 1696, giving an account of an inscription there found in the language of the Palmereni; and another in the Etruscan language found on an old Urne, published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol.19, issue 228 (May 1697) pp.537-539. The original paper can be found in the Early Letters of the Royal Society EL/P1/98.

    Fig. 3 Design of a reflecting microscope using water to create a convex speculum.

    Illustrations to A Letter from Mr. Stephen Gray, from Canterbury, May the 12th 1697, Concerning making Water subservient to the viewing both bear and distant objects, with the description of a Natural reflecting Microscope, published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol.19, issue 228 (May 1697) pp.539-542.

    Fig. 4 Plan of a distillery in Shropshire, for the production of pitch, tar and oil from a local bituminous rock.

    Key: ‘A.A. Represents the River Severn. B.B. The Hills or Rocks where the Coal-pits or Mines. C.C.C. The Pits from whence those stones are taken. D. The Store-house whither they are brought. E.E.E Are 3 Horse-Mills for grinding them to powder. ffffffffffff. Are Coppers wherein the Bituminous Matter is separated from the stony or gritty by being boiled in them. G. The Still-house for the distilling the Oil. H.H.H The road from the Coal-pits to the Severn. I. A well of Water to supply the Coppers.’

    Illustration to An account of the making pitch, tar, and oil out of a blackish stone in Shropshire, communicated by Mr. Martin Ele the inventor of it, published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, vol.19, issue 228 (May 1697) p.544. The original paper can be found in the Classified Papers of the Royal Society, CLP/9i/49.

    Stephen Gray (ca.1666-1736) British astronomer, elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1733.

    Related fellows
    Stephen Gray (1666 - 1736, British) , Astronomer
    Associated place
    <The World>
       > Europe
          > United Kingdom
    Credit
    ©The Royal Society
    Image number
    RS.19053
    Powered by CollectionsIndex+/CollectionsOnline