Credit: ©The Royal Society
    Image number: RS.20609


    Unknown, Artist
    Object type
    Library reference
    height (page): 365mm
    width (page): 230mm
    Content object
       > animal
          > fish
    Ichthyological study of an unknown species of turbot, here styled as Rhombus non aculeatus. Shown in right profile, with fishing line still attached.

    Printed inscription: ‘Plani ovipari spinosi qui in latus projecti natant/ Rhombus non aculeatus squamosus a Pearle Londinensibus/ Tab: F:1. Sumptibus D Io Knatchbull Eq: Bar:’ with further hand annotation ‘An Rhombus lavis rondeletij luga cornubiens’. Numbered ‘24’ in the top right-hand corner.

    Plate F:1 from De historia piscium libri quatuor, by Francis Willughby and John Ray (Oxford, 1686).

    Francis Willughby (1635-1672), British naturalist, was an Original Fellow of the Royal Society.

    John Ray (1627-1705), British naturalist, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1667.

    John Knatchbull (d.1696) was not a Fellow of the Royal Society.
    Object history
    The Historia Piscium, a work begun by Francis Willughby (1635–1672), completed by John Ray (1627–1705), was the first comprehensive book of ichthyology. It consists of two parts, the text and illustrations, which were printed separately but frequently bound together. For both parts, Ray drew heavily on works by others, including Hippolytus Salviani (1514-1572), Guillaume Rondelet (1507-1566), Conrad Gessner (1516-1565), Ulisse Aldrovandi (1522-1605) and more.

    The Royal Society was responsible for publication of this work, including the printing of its plates, of which there are 187 in total. This proved to be an expensive endeavour, and many of the plates were sponsored by individuals to help defray the costs, such as this one, sponsored by John Knatchbull (d.1696). This copy of Historia Piscium is annotated with the remarks of Tancred Robinson (1658-1748) penned down by Francis Aston (1644-1715); with later annotations by Cromwell Mortimer (c.1699-1752).
    Related fellows
    Francis Willughby (1635 - 1672, British) , Naturalist
    John Ray (1627 - 1705, British) , Naturalist
    Associated place
    <The World>
       > Europe
          > United Kingdom
             > London
    Powered by CollectionsIndex+/CollectionsOnline