Credit: ©The Royal Society
    Image number: RS.20629

    Burbot and tompot blenny

    Unknown, Artist
    Object type
    Library reference
    height (page): 365mm
    width (page): 230mm
    Content object
       > animal
          > fish
    Ichthyological study of a burbot, Lota lota, here styled Sorghe marina venetiis [top], and a tompot blenny, Parablennius gattorugine, here styled Gattoragine venetiis [bottom].

    Printed inscription: ‘1. Sorghe marina venetiis/ 2. Gattoragine venetiis/ Tab: H: 2 Sumpt: D: Henrici Plumtree’ with further handwritten annotation ‘1. Mustela vulg. Rondel. Sea Locke Cistrice whistle fish in Cornubia vilpotuis Mustela maculis albis et duiobus lirris a reliquis distincte/ 2. An piscis guitturosus gesntr. Exocaetus primus Bellonii duobus in fronti cirrulis’ Numbered ‘43’ in the top right-hand corner.

    Plate H:2 from De historia piscium libri quatuor, by Francis Willughby and John Ray (Oxford, 1686).

    Francis Willughby (1635-1672), British naturalist, was an Original Fellow of the Royal Society.

    John Ray (1627-1705), British naturalist, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1667.
    Object history
    The Historia Piscium, a work begun by Francis Willughby (1635–1672), completed by John Ray (1627–1705), was the first comprehensive book of ichthyology. It consists of two parts, the text and illustrations, which were printed separately but frequently bound together. For both parts, Ray drew heavily on works by others, including Hippolytus Salviani (1514-1572), Guillaume Rondelet (1507-1566), Conrad Gessner (1516-1565), Ulisse Aldrovandi (1522-1605) and more.

    The Royal Society was responsible for publication of this work, including the printing of its plates, of which there are 187 in total. This proved to be an expensive endeavour, and many of the plates were sponsored by individuals to help defray the costs, sponsored by a gentleman named Henry Plumtree. This copy of Historia Piscium is annotated with the remarks of Tancred Robinson (1658-1748) penned down by Francis Aston (1644-1715); with later annotations by Cromwell Mortimer (c.1699-1752).
    Related fellows
    Francis Willughby (1635 - 1672, British) , Naturalist
    John Ray (1627 - 1705, British) , Naturalist
    Associated place
    <The World>
       > Europe
          > United Kingdom
             > London
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