Credit: ©The Royal Society
    Image number: RS.20630

    Various fish species

    Unknown, Artist
    Object type
    Library reference
    height (page): 365mm
    width (page): 230mm
    Content object
       > animal
          > fish
    Ichthyological study of various fish species, including:

    1. An Atlantic wolffish, Anarhichas lupus, here styled Lupis marinus.
    2. A butterfly fish, here styled Blennus salviani.
    3. A European bullhead, Cottus gobio, here styled Gobio fluviatilis.
    4&6. Two species of burbot, Lota lota, here styled Mustela fluviatilis and Lota rondel respectively.
    5. A common blenny, Lipophrys pholis, here styled Mustela vivipara Sconfeld.

    Printed inscription: ‘1. Lupus marinus Schonfeldy/ 2. Blannus Salv./ 3. Gobio Fluviatilis capitatus Balt. A. Bull head./ 4. Mustela Fluviatilis. Balt. The Burbot/ 5. Mustela vivipara Sconfeld/ Tab: H.3’ with further handwritten annotation: 1. Th: Sea Wolf./ 2. Th: Butterfly fish an Scorpiodes Rondelety./ 3. Or Millers Thumb./ [4] Eelpout Treischen Rutte/ [5] An Sea Locke D. Ray/ 6. Lota Rondelety An idom cum Mustela fluviatilis An Lock Cestriae.’ Numbered ‘44’ in the top right-hand corner.

    Plate H:3 from De historia piscium libri quatuor, by Francis Willughby and John Ray (Oxford, 1686).

    Francis Willughby (1635-1672), British naturalist, was an Original Fellow of the Royal Society.

    John Ray (1627-1705), British naturalist, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1667.
    Object history
    The Historia Piscium, a work begun by Francis Willughby (1635–1672), completed by John Ray (1627–1705), was the first comprehensive book of ichthyology. It consists of two parts, the text and illustrations, which were printed separately but frequently bound together. For both parts, Ray drew heavily on works by others, including Hippolytus Salviani (1514-1572), Guillaume Rondelet (1507-1566), Conrad Gessner (1516-1565), Ulisse Aldrovandi (1522-1605) and more.

    The Royal Society was responsible for publication of this work, including the printing of its plates, of which there are 187 in total. This proved to be an expensive endeavour, and many of the plates were sponsored by individual Fellows to help defray the costs. This copy of Historia Piscium is annotated with the remarks of Tancred Robinson (1658-1748) penned down by Francis Aston (1644-1715); with later annotations by Cromwell Mortimer (c.1699-1752).
    Related fellows
    Francis Willughby (1635 - 1672, British) , Naturalist
    John Ray (1627 - 1705, British) , Naturalist
    Associated place
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