image Smeaton J, IM006200
Image number: RS.5470
Credit: © The Royal Society
Looking for a special gift? Buy a print of this image.

Ship chain pump




Collet, Engraver


Object type

Archive reference number

Image reference




height (print): 530mm
width (print): 380mm



William Cole's deign for an improved ships chain pump. Sectional elevation, 1:24 scale. From Smeaton volume 2, fol. 117.

A patent (no. 911) was granted to William Cole on 16 December 1768 for chain pumps for raising water out of ships and other purposes.

Object history

The Royal Society John Smeaton collection consists of 6 volumes of his working drawings.

The drawings (with supplementary manuscripts and engravings) were classified by mechanical engineer, John Farey (1791-1851) under the following 6 headings: I. Windmills and watermills for grinding corn; II. Mills for various purposes and machines for raising water; III. Fire engines for raising water; IV. Bridges and Buildings; V. Canal works, sluices, and harbours; VI. Canals and river navigations.

Smeaton made all his drawings himself. Later in his career he employed a draughtsman, but still continued to draw the lines of all his drawings to the proper scale in pencil on cartridge paper which he called sketches. Fair copies of the sketches were then made on drawing paper by the draughtsman, William Jessop or his successor Henry Eastburn, and Smeaton's daughters frequently helped in the shadowing and finishing using ink wash.

Associated place

<The World>
   > Europe
      > United Kingdom